哲理英语美文：on motes and beams
it is curious that our own offenses should seem so much less heinous(可憎的) than the offenses of others. i suppose the reason is that we know all the circumstances that have occasioned them and so manage to excuse in ourselves what we cannot excuse in others. we turn our attention away from our own defects, and when we are forced by untoward(不幸的，麻烦的) events to consider them, find it easy to condone(宽恕，赦免) them. for all i know we are right to do this; they are part of us and we must accept the good and bad in ourselves together.
but when we come to judge others, it is not by ourselves as we really are that we judge them, but by an image that we have formed of ourselves fro which we have left out everything that offends our vanity or would discredit us in the eyes of the world. to take a trivial instance: how scornful we are when we catch someone out telling a lie; but who can say that he has never told not one, but a hundred?
there is not much to choose between men. they are all a hotchpotch(杂烩) of greatness and littleness, of virtue and vice, of nobility and baseness. some have more strength of character, or more opportunity, and so in one direction or another give their instincts freer play, but potentially they are the same. for my part, i do not think i am any better or any worse than most people, but i know that if i set down every action in my life and every thought that has crossed my mind, the world would consider me a monster of depravity. the knowledge that these reveries are common to all men should inspire one with tolerance to oneself as well as to others. it is well also if they enable us to look upon our fellows, even the most eminent and respectable, with humor, and if they lead us to take ourselves not too seriously.
we are not born with courage, but neither are we born with fear. maybe some of our fears are brought on by your own experiences, by what someone has told you, by what you've read in the papers. some fears are valid, like walking alone in a bad part of town at two o'clock in the morning. but once you learn to avoid that situation, you won't need to live in fear of it.
fears, even the most basic ones, can totally destroy our ambitions. fear can destroy fortunes. fear can destroy relationships. fear, if left unchecked, can destroy our lives. fear is one of the many enemies lurking inside us.
let me tell you about five of the other enemies we face from within. the first enemy that you've got to destroy before it destroys you is indifference. what a tragic disease this is! "ho-hum, let it slide. i'll just drift along." here's one problem with drifting: you can't drift your way to the top of the mountain.
the second enemy we face is indecision(优柔寡断). indecision is the thief of opportunity and enterprise. it will steal your chances for a better future. take a sword to this enemy.
the third enemy inside is doubt. sure, there's room for healthy skepticism. you can't believe everything. but you also can't let doubt take over. many people doubt the past, doubt the future, doubt each other, doubt the government, doubt the possibilities nad doubt the opportunities. worse of all, they doubt themselves. i'm telling you, doubt will destroy your life and your chances of success. it will empty both your bank account and
your heart. doubt is an enemy. go after it. get rid of it.
the fourth enemy within is worry. we've all got to worry some. just don't let conquer you. instead, let it alarm you. worry can be useful. if you step off the curb in new york city and a taxi is coming, you've got to worry. but you can't let worry loose like a mad dog that drives you into a small corner. here's what you've got to do with your worries: drive them into a small corner. whatever is out to get you, you've got to get it. whatever is pushing on you, you've got to push back.
the fifth interior enemy is overcaution. it is the timid approach to life. timidity is not a virtue; it's an illness. if you let it go, it'll conquer you. timid people don't get promoted. they don't advance and grow and become powerful in the marketplace. you've got to avoid overcaution.
do battle with the enemy. do battle with your fears. build your courage to fight what's holding you back, what's keeping you from your goals and dreams. be courageous in your life and in your pursuit of the things you want and the person you want to become.
哲理英语美文：companionship of books
a man may usually be known by the books he reads as well as by the company he keeps; for there is a companionship of books as well as of men; and one should always live in the best company, whether it be of books or of men.
a good book may be among the best of friends. it is the same today that it always was, and it will never change. it is the most patient and cheerful of companions. it does not turn its back upon us in times of adversity or distress. it always receives us with the same kindness; amusing and instructing us in youth, and comforting and consoling us in age.
men often discover their affinity to each other by the mutual love they have for a book just as two persons sometimes discover a friend by the admiration which both entertain for a third. there is an old proverb, 'love me, love my dog." but there is more wisdom in this:" love me, love my book." the book is a truer and higher bond of union. men can think, feel, and sympathize with each other through their favorite author. they live in him together, and he in them.
a good book is often the best urn of a life enshrining the best that life could think out; for the world of a man's life is, for the most part, but the world of his thoughts. thus the best books are treasuries of good words, the golden thoughts, which, remembered and cherished, become our constant companions and comforters.
books possess an essence of immortality. they are by far the most lasting products of human effort. temples and statues decay, but books survive. time is of no account with great thoughts, which are as fresh today as when they first passed through their author’s minds, ages ago. what was then said and thought still speaks to us as vividly as ever from the printed page. the only effect of time have been to sift out the bad products; for nothing in literature can long survive e but what is really good.
books introduce us into the best society; they bring us into the presence of the greatest minds that have ever lived. we hear what they said and did; we see the as if they were really alive; we sympathize with them, enjoy with them, grieve with them; their experience becomes ours, and we feel as if we were in a measure actors with them in the scenes which they describe.
the great and good do not die, even in this world. embalmed in books, their spirits walk abroad. the book is a living voice. it is an intellect to which on still listens.